Home / Newsroom

Highlights of Union Budget 2019-2020

Mar 1, 2019

Direct Taxes

Indian Stamp Act , 1899

Indirect Taxes

Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002

Key Policy Announcements

Direct Taxes

Rates of income tax

  • No change has been made in the slab rates of Income-tax for individuals, HUF, AOP, BOI, firms and companies.
  • Surcharge @10% of tax payable on categories of individuals whose annual taxable income is between Rs.50 lakhs and Rs.1 crore shall remain the same.
  • Surcharge @15% for taxable income above Rs.1 crore shall remain the same.
  • Health & Education Cess @ 4% will remain same.

Benefit of Rebate of income tax in case of certain individuals – Section 87A

  • The existing provisions of Section 87A provide for a rebate of Rs. 2500 from the income tax payable to a resident individual if the total income does not exceed Rs. 350,000.
  • The section has been amended to increase the limit of total income available to Individual residents of India from 350,000 to Rs. 500,000 to avail rebate under section 87A of the Income Tax Act,1961 (‘the Act’).
  • Hence, rebate under section 87A of the Act has been increased to Rs. 12,500/- as compared to earlier Rs. 2,500/-.
  • The change can be explained with the help of following comparative table:-

Resident Individual

Taxable Income

Tax liability (Pre Budget)

Tax liability (Post Budget)
















Note: Health & Education Cess at 4% shall be in addition to income-tax calculated above

Standard Deduction for salaried person – Section 16

It is proposed to amend Section 16 of the Act to increase the standard deduction from Rs. 40,000/- to Rs. 50,000/- in case of salaried persons.

Self-Occupied House Property – Section 23 & 24

  • If an individual owns more than one house property for his own residence then only one house property, as per his choice, would be treated as self-occupied and its annual value is deemed as nil. The other house property is deemed to be let-out as per Section 23 and notional rent of such house is taxed under the head ‘House Property’.
    The Finance Bill, 2019 has proposed to amend this provision by allowing an option to the assessee to claim nil annual value in respect of any two houses declared as self-occupied. In other words, a taxpayer can now claim that he has two self-occupied house properties. Consequently, a deduction with respect to interest on borrowed capital can be claimed with
  • respect to both the houses. However, the aggregate monetary limit for the deduction would remain same, i.e., Rs. 2,00,000.
  • Considering the socio-economic need of middle-class families to maintain houses at two locations on account of their job, children’s education, care of parents etc., this Notional rent in respect of unsold inventory will not be charged to tax up to two years instead of one year from the end of financial year in which certificate of completion is obtained from competent authority.
  • Notional rent in respect of unsold inventory will not be charged to tax up to two years instead of one year from the end of financial year in which certificate of completion is obtained from competent authority

Deduction in Capital Gain – Section 54

  • Any long-term capital gains, arising to an Individual or HUF, from the sale of residential house property is exempted to the extent such capital gains are invested in another residential house property. The taxpayer is allowed to invest only in one residential house in India to claim section 54 relief.
  • The Finance Bill, 2019 proposes to extend the exemption for investment made, by way of purchase or construction, in two residential houses provided the amount of capital gains does not exceed Rs. 2 crores. If the assessee exercises this option, he shall not be subsequently entitled to exercise the option for the same or any other assessment year i.e. the assessee can exercise this option only once in a lifetime.

Profit and Gain from Housing Project – Section 80-IBA

Benefits under Section 80-IBA of the Act have been proposed to be extended for one more year for all housing projects approved till the end of 31st March, 2020.

Simplification of Direct Tax System to benefit Tax-Payers

  • It is proposed that within the next two years, almost all verification and assessment of returns selected for scrutiny will be done electronically through the anonymised back office, manned by tax experts and officials, without any personal interface between taxpayers and tax officers.
  • Further, it is proposed that income tax returns will be processed in twenty-four hours and refund will be issued simultaneously.

Tax Deducted at Source

Increase in threshold limit for deduction of tax from interest on deposits
Threshold limit for deduction of tax from interest (other than interest from securities) paid or payable by a banking company or Co-operative bank or Post office is proposed to be increased from Rs. 10,000 to Rs. 40,000. From April 1, 2019, the deductor (i.e., banks, post-office, etc.) shall be liable to deduct tax if the interest payable on deposits (i.e., term deposits, recurring deposits, fixed deposits, etc.) exceed the threshold limit specified in below table.

Threshold limit if Payee is


Senior Citizen


Banking Co.



Co-operative Society engaged in banking business



Post Office



In any other case



Indian Stamp Act , 1899

The Finance Bill, 2019 proposes amendment in Indian Stamp Act, 1899 for better administration of stamp duty collection on securities market instruments. It proposes that Stamp duties would be levied on one instrument relating to one transaction and would be collected at one place through the Stock Exchanges. The duty so collected will be shared with the State Governments on the basis of domicile of buying client. Insertion of new Part AA in Chapter II of Act – Of the liability of intruments of transaction in stock exchanges and depositories to duty has been done which is as follows:

As per Section 9A, Transaction in stock exchanges and depositories to duty in case of

Sale of securities
The stamp-duty on each sale transaction shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the stock exchange or a clearing corporation authorised by it, from its buyer on the market value of such securities at the time of settlement of transactions.
Transfer of securities
The stamp-duty on transfer shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the depository from the transferor of such securities on the consideration amount specified therein.
Creation/Change in the records of depository
The stamp-duty on the allotment list shall be collected on behalf of the State Government by the depository from the issuer of securities on the total market value of the securities.

The instruments referred to above shall be chargeable with duty as provided therein at the rate specified in Schedule I and such instruments need not be stamped.

No duty shall be charged or collected by the State Government on any instrument associated with transactions mentioned above.

As per Section 9B, Transaction in securities other than stock exchanges and depositories to duty in case of :

Issue of Securities

The stamp-duty on each issue shall be payable by the issuer, at the place where its registered office is located, on the total market value of the securities so issued at the rate specified in Schedule I.

Sale or transfer or reissue of securites

The stamp-duty on each sale or transfer or reissue shall be payable by the seller or transferor or issuer, as the case may be, on the consideration amount specified in such instrument at the rate specified in Schedule I.

Inserted in Article 56


(see sections 9A and 9B)––

(a) issue of security other than debenture;


(b) transfer of security other than debenture on delivery basis;


© transfer of security other than debenture on non-delivery basis;


(d) derivatives––

(i) futures (equity and commodity)


(ii) options (equity and commodity)


(iii) currency and interest rate derivatives


(iv) other derivatives


(e) Government securities


(f) repo on corporate bonds


Substituted for Article 27

“27. DEBENTURE—[as defined by section 2 (10A)]

(see sections 9A and 9B)––

(a) in case of issue of debenture;


(b) in case of transfer and re-issue of debenture.


Indirect Tax

Goods & Service Tax

The average monthly tax collection in the current year is Rs. 97,100 crore per month as compared to Rs. 89,700 crore per month in the first year

  • GST registered SME units will get 2% interest rebate on incremental loan of 1 Crore.
  • Small service providers with turnover up to 50 lakhs can now opt for composition scheme and pay GST at 6% instead of 18%.
  • Exemptions from GST for small businesses doubled from Rs. 20 lakh to Rs. 40 lakh
  • Small businesses having turnover up to Rs. 1.5 crore pay only 1% flat rate and file one annual return only
  • Soon, businesses comprising over 90% of GST payers to be allowed to file quarterly return with turnover upto Rs 5 crore.

Custom Duty abolished on 36 Capital Goods

To promote “Make in India”, the Finance Bill, 2019 rationalizes custom duty and procedures. The Custom Duty has been abolished on 36 Capital Goods.

Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002

Time limit for attachment of property under PMLA to be hiked from 90 days to 365 days

The Finance Bill, 2019 seeks to amend Section 8(3) of the Prevention of Money-laundering Act, 2002 so as to extend the period of investigation from 90 days to 365 during which the attachment shall remain valid. It also provides that in computing the period of 365 days, the period during which the investigation is stayed by any court shall be excluded.

Key Policy Announcements


  • 12 crore small and marginal farmers to be provided with assured yearly income of Rs. 6000 per annum under PM-KISAN. Outlay of Rs. 75,000 crore for FY 2019-20 with additional Rs. 20,000 crore in RE 2018-19
  • 2% interest subvention to Farmers for Animal husbandry and Fisheries activities; additional 3% in case of timely repayment.
  • Interest subvention of 2% during disaster will now be provided for the entire period of reschedulement of loan


Pradhan Mantri Shram-Yogi Maandhan
  • The scheme proposes to benefit the unorganised sector workers such as street vendors, rickshaw pullers, construction workers, rag pickers, agricultural workers, beedi workers, handloom, leather and in numerous other similar occupations.
  • This pension yojana shall provide them an assured monthly pension of 3,000 from the age of 60 years on a monthly contribution of a small affordable amount during their working age.
  • A worker joining pension yojana at the age of 29 years will have to contribute only 100 per month till the age of 60 years.
  • A worker joining the pension yojana at 18 years, will have to contribute as little as 55 per month only.
  • The Government will deposit equal share in the pension account of the worker every month.

Fiscal Programme

  • Fiscal deficit pegged at 3.4% of GDP for 2019-20
  • Fiscal deficit brought down to 3.4% in 2018-19 revised estimate from almost 6% seven years ago
  • Total expenditure increased by over 13% to Rs.27,84,200 crore in 2019-20 BE
  • Capital Expenditure for 2019-20 budgeted estimate at Rs. 3,36,292 crore


Defence budget to cross Rs 3,00,000 crore for the first time ever

Entertainment Industry

Indian filmmakers to get access to Single window clearance as well for ease of shooting films

Msme And Traders

  • 2% interest subvention on an incremental loan of Rs 1 crore for GST registered SMEs
  • Atleast 3% of the 25% sourcing for the Government undertakings will be from women owned SMEs
    • Renewed Focus on Internal trade ; DIPP renamed to Department for Promotion of Industries and Internal trade

Ten dimensions of Vision for India of 2030

India would be a modern, technology driven, high growth, equitable and transparent society

  • To build physical as well as social infrastructure and to provide ease of living
  • To create a Digital India, digitize government processes with leaders from youth
  • Making India pollution free by leading transport revolution with Electric Vehicles and focus on Renewables
  • Expanding rural industrialisation using modern digital technologies to generate massive employment
  • Clean Rivers, safe drinking water to all Indians and efficient use of water through micro-irrigation
  • Besides scaling up of Sagarmala, Coastline and Ocean waters powering India’s development and growth
  • Aim at our space programme – Gaganyaan, India becoming the launch-pad of satellites for the World and placing an Indian astronaut into space by 2022
  • Making India self-sufficient in food, exporting to the world to meet their food needs and producing food in the most organic way
  • A healthy India via Ayushman Bharat with women having equal rights and concern for their safety and empowerment
  • Transforming India into a Minimum Government Maximum Governance nation with pro-active and responsible bureaucracy